What is Doctrine?

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There are some very peculiar notions of what constitutes ‘doctrine’ in the Bible. Is doctrine a set of major teachings that can be counted on two hands?  Is it possible to hold conflicting interpretations of doctrine and yet be true to scripture?

The Bible tells us that ALL its content is DOCTRINE. And, no – we may not interpret it as we wish.  So, what exactly is ‘doctrine’?  In the Old Testament, doctrine, leqach, practically means learning/teaching/insight and instruction (there are other words with similar application). In the New Testament, doctrine, didachē, is ;having been taught’, teaching, instruction. So, the emphasis is on teaching, and every part of scripture does that. Let us see what 2 Timothy 3:16 tells us:

“All scripture (is) given by inspiration of God, and (is)

profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for

instruction in righteousness.”

Note that – ALL scripture is doctrine! It has been said, particularly by ecumenists, liberals and many charismatics, whose understanding is usually zero, that ‘love’ supersedes all other commands of God and is greater than doctrine. This, however, is just a convenient way to crush opposition to error – if anyone opposes unscriptural beliefs, then they are ‘guilty’ of ‘offending the Spirit’. Very convenient indeed! But very unscriptural, for Jesus Himself said:

“If ye love me, keep my commandments.”

(John 14:15)

In this context ‘commandments’ refers to His orders and precepts, injunctions, prescribed rules, etc. In other words, it shares the same meanings as found in the Old Testament. Can’t get clearer than that. Thus, keeping the commandments of Christ/God is proof that we love Him. What are the ‘commandments’ (entolē) of Christ?  They are everything He has ever said… that is, the entire Bible.  And the whole Bible says that love is a part of the commandments of Christ.  As a part cannot be greater than the whole, it means that love is a part of the entire teachings of God.  Therefore, to suggest that love is greater than doctrine is an insult to God and the intellect, as well as being a claim based on an inept knowledge of scripture.

So, we can summarise a few of the statements on doctrine as follows:

  1. Doctrine is the entire Bible… everything in it. Doctrine = teaching (see my website to read the longer paper on this, A/81, ‘Doctrine’).
  2. God cannot say anything irrelevant or unworthy, so all scripture is good. Because all scripture is doctrine, no part of it can be of less value. And that     holds true even today. Anything that opposes or changes scripture is false.
  3. ‘Love’ is an aspect of doctrine. So, love cannot be greater than doctrine.
  4. Jesus made the keeping of His commandments (commandments = teachings =doctrine) a test of love for Him.  In saying that, He made a doctrinal     statement!
  5. There are not ‘many doctrines’ – there is only one, unified doctrine of God.           The various teachings of the Bible are merely aspects of that one doctrine.          Interestingly, the ONLY examples of the plural ‘doctrines’, are ‘doctrines of     men’ (Mat 15:9 et al) and ‘doctrines of devils’ (1 Tim.4:1). Both are damaging           to the spirit and are referred to as “divers and strange” (Hebrews 13:9, xenos         – alien knowledge, unprofitable).
  6. At times, doctrine can and should separate brethren from brethren, when they distort the truth to an intolerable degree (heresy). And, doctrine certainly          infinitely separates brethren from unbelievers.  We cannot accept what God         hates and what He condemns. Hence the need to publicly denounce heresy.

Doctrine, then, is the essence of our faith. Love is a part of that doctrine. Thus, to really love God or human beings is to come to grips with doctrine – the whole counsel of God.  Doctrine refers only to declared scripture (ie the Bible). We may only expand on what has already been given; there can be no extra revelations, nor can anything be removed, ignored, or changed to suit ‘modern times’. This is because whatever God says is eternal. Otherwise He cannot be God and what He says is worthless.

There is only one ‘doctrine’. In the Bible, the specific plural ‘doctrines’ is found only in the New Testament and it refers to false teachings or lies. When God speaks, what He says is automatically perfect and in harmony with everything else He has ever said.  He does not need to structure what He says or check it against the whole.  He is God and so everything must be immediately harmonious.  The teachings of men and of Satan need constant reworking and intellectual manipulation for them to appear to be harmonious.  But, it is all nonsense for, as we read in Matthew 15:9:

“in vain they do worship me, teaching (for) doctrines

the commandments of men.”

That is why Paul instructs us to have nothing to do with the ideas and instructions put forward by men: “Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines.” (Hebrews 13:9, and elsewhere referred to as the “philosophies of men”; see Col.2:8).

One way we can be “carried about” by strange teachings is to insist that we have the right to interpret scripture as we see fit. Just as every man and woman is an instant expert on the government of their own country, so every Christian thinks he or she is a Bible teacher – with disastrous results! Logic should surely tell us that if there is only one Truth, then there can be only one interpretation.  But, no – all Christians claim that their own ‘interpretation’ is correct, no matter what scripture actually says.

(Please note: true interpretation is not opinion, but is rooted in the actual original language word meanings as found in scripture, and is determined not just by the various meanings, but also by the context of those words, and comparison to the same words in varying contexts. This is VERY precise).

One thing alone matters – what does God say? If we speak only what He says, then we are on safe ground:

“My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil the

dew and as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the

showers upon the grass. Because I will publish the name of

the Lord: ascribe ye greatness unto our God” (Deuteronomy 32:2)

Those who learn doctrine are counted amongst the wise (for doctrine is given by the Holy Spirit and is mandatory upon us all):

“The fear of the Lord (is) the beginning of wisdom: a good under-

standing have all they that do (His commandments).”(Psalm 111:10)

Those who do not learn doctrine are fools!

“The fear of the Lord (is) the beginning of knowledge: (but) fools

despise wisdom and instruction (or, doctrine)” (Proverbs 1:7)

False doctrine is now found everywhere. It has always existed, but then rejected and opposed publicly by genuine Christians. Today, such spiritual falsity is not just made public – it is blurted out as a matter of pride! In this way what might appear to be divisions within the Church to outsiders is actually infiltration of the TRUE Church by enemies of Christ, and by a legion of ignorant, arrogant people who want the privilege of being called ‘Christian’ but who refuse to gain real knowledge.

It must be repeated – no scripture is of personal interpretation (2 Peter 1:20. This refers to personalising interpretation of prophecy. The meaning of ‘prophecy’ includes the teaching of true doctrine).

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The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of the author and are not not necessarily either shared or endorsed by iPatriot.com.

Barry Napier

Founder, Bible Theology Ministries, and christiandoctrine website. BEd., BA, MA, PhD, plus professional diplomas and certificates. Work experience in hospital, counselling, colleges, research. Writer for forty years, Pastor. Any queries/comments, write to [email protected]

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